Посольство України в Об'єднаних Арабських Еміратах (королівстві Бахрейн за сумісництвом)

, Київ 23:14

The Ukrainian Parliament has passed the "Donbas reintegration bill"

28 січня, 10:59

On 18 January 2018, the Ukrainian Parliament, or Verkhovna Rada, has passed draft law No. 7163 on special aspects of state policy to ensure Ukraine's state sovereignty in temporarily occupied areas in Donetsk and Luhansk regions (the so-called Donbas reintegration bill).

The bill says that Russia's armed aggression began with the undeclared and covert invasion of Ukraine by units of the armed forces and other law enforcement agencies of the Russian Federation, as well as with masterminding and supporting terrorist activities.

The draft law does not mention the date when the occupation began, but it refers to the earlier adopted law where February 20, 2014, is determined as such date.

Parts of Ukrainian territory where armed formations of the Russian Federation and the administration of the Russian occupation have established and exercise general effective control have been designated as temporarily occupied areas in Donetsk and Luhansk regions. The draft law says that the boundaries and a list of districts, cities, towns and villages, parts of their territory temporarily occupied in Donetsk and Luhansk regions shall be determined by the President of Ukraine as advised by the Ukrainian Defense Ministry and proposed by the General Staff of the Armed Forces of Ukraine.

The draft law says that activities of the armed formations of the Russian Federation and the administration of the Russian occupation in Donetsk and Luhansk regions are considered to be those that contradict international humanitarian law and are illegal, and any act issued in relation to such activity is invalid.

The draft law states that Russia shall be held liable for moral, financial or physical damage inflicted on the State of Ukraine, government authorities and local self-government agencies, individuals and legal entities.

According to the law, persons participating in the armed aggression of the Russian Federation or being involved in the administration of the Russian occupation shall be held criminally liable for acts that violate the laws of Ukraine and international humanitarian law.

The draft law says that Ukraine shall not be responsible for illegal actions and decisions by the Russian Federation in the temporarily occupied areas in Donetsk and Luhansk regions.

Under the document, the fact of the final withdrawal and complete absence of all the armed formations of the Russian Federation in Donetsk and Luhansk regions shall be established by the Minister of Defense of Ukraine and the Minister of Internal Affairs of Ukraine through submitting a joint report to the President of Ukraine, who shall make a relevant decision exclusively on this basis.

According to the draft law, the launch and completion of measures to ensure national security and defense, repel and deter Russia's armed aggression in Donetsk and Luhansk regions shall be enacted by separate decisions by the President of Ukraine.

According to the document, the General Staff of the Armed Forces of Ukraine shall be in charge of strategic management of the forces and assets of the Armed Forces of Ukraine, other military formations, the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Ukraine, the National Police of Ukraine, the central executive agency pursuing state civil protection policy, which are involved in the implementation of measures to ensure national security and defense, counter and deter the armed aggression of the Russian Federation in Donetsk and Luhansk regions.

The commander of the joint forces, who shall be appointed by the President of Ukraine as advised by the Chief of the General Staff and Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces of Ukraine shall be in charge of the command of the forces and assets of the Armed Forces of Ukraine, other military formations, the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Ukraine, the National Police of Ukraine, the central executive agency pursuing state civil protection policy, which are involved in the implementation of measures to ensure national security and defense, counter and deter the armed aggression of the Russian Federation in Donetsk and Luhansk regions

According to the draft law, the commander of the joint forces shall exercise his powers through the Joint Operation Headquarters of the Armed Forces. The authority of the commander of the joint forces and the provisions regulating the work of the Joint Operation Headquarters shall be determined and approved by the President of Ukraine.

Servicemen, law enforcement officers and other persons involved in measures to ensure national security and defense, repel and deter the armed aggression of the Russian Federation in Donetsk and Luhansk regions shall be subordinate to the commander of the joint forces for the period of such events. Decisions to be taken by the commander are binding.

The draft law specifies that individuals should leave and enter the temporarily occupied areas in Donetsk and Luhansk regions through entry/exit checkpoints. Movement of goods should also proceed via the checkpoints. Procedures for the entry/exit of individuals and movement of goods from/to the temporarily occupied areas in Donetsk and Luhansk regions shall be determined by the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine.

The final and transitional provisions of the bill stipulate that it shall enter into force on the day following the day of its publication.