With the introduction of decentralization, local authorities will receive more instruments to implement programs of local self-government, as stated by President Petro Poroshenko.
In the interview to "Inter" TV channel, Petro Poroshenko reminded that the order of local budgets' formation had been changed in the early 2015. Thus, local self-government received more opportunities. "Now, due to these mechanisms, local councils receive 40% more money in conditions of economic downturn. You receive money to implement programs of local self-government for which you are responsible," the President said calling the given step simple yet necessary.
"After the adoption of constitutional amendments, implementation of decentralization and local self-government reform, local authorities will also receive additional powers," he noted.
"The main purpose of decentralization is not just to convey powers from one government to another, but to make the authorities more efficient, reduce distance between the citizen who is the main consumer of services and the place where the majority of decisions is made," the Head of State emphasized. He noted that it goes about the majority of issues that can be solved at basic level: social and economic development, education, healthcare, provision of services, budget, construction of roads, schools, hospitals, repair works, awards, social aid, fuel etc.
"Authorities should have powers to solve these issues. Local authorities should have budgetary and legal powers, as well as responsibility. There is no need for a human to complain to the President, Prime Minister, minister or RSA Head. We can solve all the problems locally," Petro Poroshenko said.
The President emphasized that local authorities will also bear greater responsibility to citizens who elected them.
At the same time, the Head of State noted that communities will have an opportunity to solve socio-economic and cultural issue, but foreign policy, defense, territorial integrity, protection of sovereignty, law enforcement bodies, judicial power will remain the competence of the state power.
"Socio-economic, cultural and language issues are the competence of communities. In case of separatism, terrorist activity, illegal antistate manifestations, violation of the Ukrainian Constitution and principles of state security, the President will have a right to make decisive efforts to stop these initiatives. For example, to dissolve the entire council, appoint the representative in a very short term and announce immediate elections for the community to choose new representatives," Petro Poroshenko stressed.
He noted that such a regulation was suggested by the Constitutional Commission and strongly approved by the Venice Commission as a principle of the EUropean system of law. "The Venice Commission is confident that the given regulation is not only justified, but also reasonable and necessary," the President said reminding that such a regulation is present in the majority of European democracies, for example in France and Italy.
The Head of State thanked the Constitutional Commission for supporting the key position in his election program; and the Venice Commission for approving the draft law and making proper remarks.
The President will soon review the final version of the draft law. He plans to submit the bill for consideration by the Parliament at the beginning of the next week.